AI Approach for Iris Biometric Recognition Using a Median Filter

The Artificial Intelligence approach is used for Iris recognition by understanding the distinctive and measurable characteristics of the human body such as a person’s face, iris, DNA, fingerprints, etc. AI methods analyzed the attributes like iris images. Each biometric authentication technique varies in the characteristic of a human being which it employs for identification. Based on various characteristics, different techniques for authentication are: Iris Recognition, Finger Print recognition, Face recognition, Palm recognition, etc.

Types of Biometric Authentication Systems

Biometric being considered the most acceptable, secure, and dependable system has captured a wide range of applications. Various biometric authentication techniques are:

1. Face recognition

2. Iris Recognition

3. Fingerprints recognition

4. Palm recognition

5. Face Recognition

Iris Recognition

Iris is the ring-shaped region in the human eye that inscribes the pupil of an eye. Iris recognition technique employs the detection and comparison of the unique patterns of iris for every individual. It is designated as the fastest and most efficient technique that is capable of producing intended results in the least duration of time.

Face recognition

Face recognition technique is rising to be the most acceptable and secure field in biometric authentication. It is employed in surveillance systems since it has the caliber to successfully execute its algorithm without object comparison. The most advantageous aspect of this technique as compared to other similar systems is individuality and attainability.

Palm Recognition

Palm recognition or Palm print recognition could be considered as an optimistic and assuring technique that employs palm characteristics for the identification and recognition of a person. The characteristics employed in fulfillment of recognition criteria are lines of a palm, wrinkles, and ridges on a hand, etc., where wrinkles of palm are identified as being thinner than the primary lines.

Fingerprint Recognition

When government organizations and agencies are taken into account, they demand high security; this requirement could be easily fulfilled using biometric systems, specifically by the fingerprint recognition technique. Every individual has a unique and distinguishable print of fingers.

Preprocessing the images using the median filter

A biometric system is designed to follow certain biometric recognition algorithms, defined specifically for each different mechanism. While processing authentication, various parameters are to be considered, such as sufficient lighting when the image is being captured, proper posture of the person, image superiority, and various others. Each biometric system employs several modes or processes to authorize, these are feature extraction, sensing, and matching modules. The filtration mechanism is applied to pre-process the input image of the iris. The pre-processing of the input image is done to remove the noisy content from it. This is achieved by applying the collaboration of median filters. After filtration, the feature from the processed image is extracted by using the LBP-LDA technique. After extracting the features, the Artificial Neural Network is used to perform pattern matching. For purpose of performance evaluation, the proposed iris recognition is implemented in MATLAB.


1. Surveillance

2. Logical Access Control

3. Physical Access Control

4. Time and Attendance

5. Law Enforcement

6. Border and airport control

7. Secured transaction banking and financial institutions

Final words

Security has become the main issue in today’s world. Various security and authentication methods or techniques are applied to secure the iris template. The proposed feature extraction and pattern recognition techniques on the preprocessed image so that the security and reliability of the system could be raised.

The Rise of Mobile Wallets in Myanmar: A Comprehensive Guide

The Mobile Wallet Landscape in Myanmar
Myanmar is on the cusp of a payment industry transformation. With only 26% of adults having a bank account, compared to the regional average of 49%, the potential for mobile wallets is immense. The country’s currency circulation, at 21% of M2, is notably higher than its peers, indicating a significant opportunity for digital payment solutions. The mobile subscription rate, at an impressive 135% of the population, further underscores the market’s readiness for mobile financial services.

Market Dynamics and Key Players
The Central Bank of Myanmar has granted licenses to a handful of non-banking institutions for mobile financial services, a modest number compared to Vietnam’s 33 licenses. Key players include Wave Money, OK$, M-Pitesan, My Money, and MPT Money. Additionally, commercial banks like CB Bank with CB Pay, MOB Bank in partnership with Ongo, and KBZ Bank with KBZ Pay are expanding their mobile financial offerings. Tellimer Research provides insights into Myanmar’s digital payments market.

Essential Features for a Mobile Wallet in Myanmar
To meet the demands of Myanmar’s growing digital economy, a mobile wallet must include the following features:

Instant Intra-wallet Payments
Users expect immediate transfers between wallets. Delays are unacceptable in a cashless society where the payment experience should rival that of cash transactions.

Payments from and to Bank Accounts
A mobile wallet should enable transfers directly from a user’s bank account and offer the option to receive funds in either their bank account or wallet.

Bill Payments
Mobile wallets must facilitate payments for utilities, mortgages, loans, rent, and tuition, providing a convenient alternative to traditional payment methods.

Physical and Virtual Card Management
Users should be able to store and manage multiple debit/credit card details securely within the wallet, leveraging encryption for enhanced security.

Integration with Contactless Payment Technologies
Adoption of QR codes and NFC technology is essential for enabling secure, contactless in-store payments.

Robust security measures, including two-factor authentication, tokenization, biometric authentication, and end-to-end encryption, are critical for protecting financial transactions.

Easy and Fast Onboarding
A seamless self-registration process is vital to prevent user abandonment during onboarding.

Coupons, Rewards, and Discounts
Offering deals and loyalty rewards can differentiate a mobile wallet in a competitive market.

Bill Splitting
This feature simplifies splitting bills among friends, enhancing user convenience and potentially attracting new customers.

Cash Withdrawals
Despite the trend towards cashlessness, providing options for ATM withdrawals remains important for situations where cash is still king.

Loan Offering and Management
Mobile-friendly loan services can create additional revenue streams, as seen with Paytm’s “Paytm Postpaid” service in India.

Analytical Diagrams and Dashboard
Financial health tracking tools can build user trust and encourage loyalty by offering insights into spending habits.

User Data Backup Facility
Options for secure data backup, such as syncing to iCloud or Dropbox, ensure users never lose track of their finances.

The Untapped Potential of Mobile Wallets in Myanmar
While the mobile wallet market in Myanmar is growing, there are still untapped opportunities. For instance, the use of mobile wallets for remittances remains relatively low despite the high number of Myanmar citizens working abroad. According to the World Bank, remittances to Myanmar amounted to approximately $2.8 billion in 2020, indicating a potential area for mobile wallet expansion (World Bank Data).

Moreover, the integration of mobile wallets with e-commerce platforms is still in its infancy. As online shopping gains popularity in Myanmar, mobile wallets that offer seamless payment solutions for e-commerce transactions could see significant growth.

In conclusion, the mobile wallet market in Myanmar is poised for significant growth, driven by the population’s embrace of mobile technology and the need for convenient financial services. By focusing on user experience, security, and innovative features, mobile wallet providers can tap into this promising market and contribute to Myanmar’s digital financial revolution.

New York Accountant – Accountability and Credibility

In today’s environment and uncertain economy it has become extremely critical for new businesses to have a good accountant. The difference between success and failure often comes down to saving money on taxes, both state and local, and finding ways to save money on many start-up expenses. With a lot of the same businesses, fighting for the same customers, it’s critical to keep money that’s going out as low as possible. For New York businesses trying to compete in a very difficult market, it is even more important for businesses to have good financial representation.

New businesses have higher levels of state and IRS audits and having good representation can make the difference between a business succeeding and failing in those very important first couple of years. Having a good New York accountant that has experience in start-up businesses is important because there a lot of different issues faced by new businesses that existing ones don’t have to deal with as often. Finding a good New York accountant can be extremely difficult because there are so many new people to the industry and it can be tough to separate a good accountant from one that will get you in more trouble than they will save.

Some of the best tips for finding a good New York accountant are as follows. First off, it’s important to only work with accountants that have a good deal of experience. In a bad economy, we’ve seen many New York accountants enter the market and they may not have the requisite knowledge to help people with fledgling business the way they should. It is recommended that people find New York accountants with at least ten years of experience to help with business start ups. These companies have to have experience with start-ups so they have experiences with working with new business owners who don’t have the same experience as others. It is also important to find New York accountants that have a number of years of experience in relation with the kind of business that the client is starting up. This is critical because different businesses have extremely different needs.

Cash businesses, like restaurants or nail salons have much differing accounting needs than more typical businesses. Also, New York businesses have much higher expenses than a lot of other businesses in other locations and that make any potential savings from taxes or expenses that much more important than anything else. The best New York accountants can provide an incredible service to their clients. Statistically, everyone has heard about the number of new businesses that fail. What they don’t realize is that so many new businesses barely fail and that a really good New York accountant can often be the difference between success and failure. So spending a lot of time on finding a New York accountant is critical. There are many possible accountants out there so it is important to go through and take the time and find one that has the right experience that can match up with where the new business is going.